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pb_03-182-98

26 1997 . N 55

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26 1997 . N 55

-03-182-98

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: ⠠ .., ..,

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Р 19.09.78

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8.3.

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3,0%,

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頠 蠠

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栠 㠠 蠠 蠠 堠 栠 㠠 蠠 蠠 堠 ᠠ 栠

Qi, qi, qi, qi , qi, qi, ti, ti, ti , ti, ti, pi , pi, pi,

蠠 蠠 堠 栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

pi , pi, pi, Ri, Ri, Ri, Ri , Ri, Ri.

1.2.1. 1

.

Q1 = Q, (1)

Q

V1P1

Q1 = -- -----------, (2)

R T1 + 273.15

Q,

V1, P1

T1.

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

q1 = q1 = q1 = q1 = q1 = 0.0, (3)

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

t1 = t1 = t1 = t1 = t1 = 0.0, (4)

- 1/

ᠠ P0

p1 = p1---, (5)

P1

L -

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

p1 = p1 = p1 = p1 = p1 = 0.0, (6)

p1 = Q1/V1 - .

--------------

3 Q1

R1 = ---- -------, (7)

3

\ 4 p1

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

R1 = R1 = R1 = R1 = R1 = 0.0. (8)

1.2.2. 2

:

Q2 = 0.0, (9)

-

----------------------------------------------

- 2 + 1

- ----- - ---------

蠠 ࠠ P0ࠠ P0

q2 = 0.8 S min 2 --------- P2p2 -- - -- ,

- 1 P2 P2

\ L - L -

L -

L

---------------------------------

+ 1

- ---------

2 - 1

P2p2 --------- . (10)

+ 1

\ L -

-

,

, S 0.15S, q2

.

栠 蠠 㠠

q2 = q2 = q2 = q2 = 0.0, (11)

t2 = min (Q/q2 , t), (12)

Q

-

蠠 V2P2

t2 = min -- ----------------- , t , (13)

R (T2 + 273.15) q2

L -

Q,

V2, P2

T2.

栠 蠠 㠠

t2 = t2 = t2 = t2 = 0.0, (14)

- 1/

蠠 P0

p2 = p2 -- , (15)

P2

L -

P2

p2 = -- ----------- - 

R T2 + 273.15

栠 蠠 㠠

p2 = p2 = p2 = p2 = p2 = 0.0, (16)

-----------

蠠 1 q2

R2 = -- -------, (17)

2

\蠠 p2 U

栠 蠠 㠠

R2 = R2 = R2 = R2 = R2 = 0.0. (18)

1.2.3. 3

.

㠠 栠 蠠

Q3 = Q3 + Q3 + Q3 + Q, (19)

㠠 V3P3

Q = -- ------------, (20)

R T3 + 273.15

- ,

( (20) , Q )

- -

㠠 榠 Cp(T3 - T + T3 - T)

Q3 = Q 1 - exp- --------------------------- , (21)

2 H

L L --

栠 栠

Q3 = min {Q3,Q - Q3}, (22)

- ---------------- 2

蠠 (T - T + T - T) c p F

Q3 = min ------------------------ -------------- ----- x

H \ 蠠 F

L

----- 栠 㠠

x t, Q - Q3 - Q3 , (23)

\

-

F -

, :

栠 㠠

Q - Q3 - Q3

F = ------------, (24)

0.05 p

F - ,

,

; F = F;

T, , c, p - , ,

;

p -

- -

1 1

p = 760 exp H ------------- - -------------- / R, (25)

T + 273.15 T + 273.15

L L - -

t -

----------------

----- (T - T + T - T) c p

\t = ------------------------ --------------- x

2 H  \

1 F

x -------------------------- -----, (26)

--- -6 F

\ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p

蠠 --- -6

q3 = F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p, (27)

栠 㠠 蠠

q3 = q3 = q3 = q3 = 0.0, (28)

t3 = (Q - Q3) / q3, (29)

栠 㠠 蠠

t3 = t3 = t3 = t3 = 0.0, (30)

-

Q3

p -------------, T3 T T T

㠠 蠠

Q3 + Q3 + Q

p3 = , (31)

- 1/

P3 P0

-- ----------- -- ,

R T3 + 273.15 P3

L -

L

p3 = p, (32)

栠 㠠 堠

p3 = p3 = p3 = p3 = 0.0, (33)

---------

3 Q3

R3 = --- ----, (34)

3 4 p

\

蠠 ---

R3 = 0.5 \F , (35)

栠 㠠 堠

R3 = R3 = R3 = R3 = 0.0. (36)

1.2.4. 4

.

,

, S 0.15S,

:

----------------------------

2

q = 0.6S 2Hgp + 2p(P4 - p(T4)) +

\

-------------------------------

2 2

1 H p (T4, p(T4))

+ - --------------------------- , (37)

K C (T + 273.15)

- -

1

p(T4) = P0 exp H ------------- -

T + 273.15

L L

1

- ------------ / R -

T4 + 273.15

- -

T4,

p(T4)

p(T4, p(T4)) = -- ----------- -

R T4 + 273.15

T4 p(T4), K - ,

L

-

2 2

H p (T4,p(T4)) L

------------------------------- + -----, 0 L = 30D

2p(p(T4) - P0)C(T + 273.15) 30D

K = 1.18, 30D L = 50D

1.33, 50D L = 100D

1.54, 100D L = 200D

1.82, 200D L = 400D

21, 400D L, (38)

L

,

, S 0.15 S, q

.

:

----------------

栠 P4 - P0

q = sign(Q) 0.6Sp \2Hg + 2 -------. (39)

p

- 栠

q min {t, t}, Q,

(q4' + q4) min {t, t} +

( - + - )

+ ------------------------- x

Q4 = min H , (40)

---------------

2

c p F -----

x -------------- ------- \t

\ 蠠 F'

L -

--------------

----- (T - T + T - T) c p

\t = ------------------------ ------------- x

2 H \

1

x --------------------------, (41)

--- -6

\ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p

F' -

,

:

(q - q4' - q4)t'

F' = -------------------- , (42)

0.05p

t' = min {t, t, Q/q}, (43)

F - ,

,

; F' = F

栠 --- -6

q4 = q4' + q4 + F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p, (44)

- -

C(T4 - T +T4 - T)

q4' = q1 - exp- --------------------------, (45)

2 H

L L --

q4 = min {q4', q - q4'}, (46)

㠠 --- -6 --- -6

q4 = F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p + Smax \ x 10 (5.83)p +

-

-------------------------------------------------

- 2 ( + 1)

- ----- - ------------

ࠠ P0ࠠ P0 ࠠ

+ 0.8S min 2 --------- P4 p4-- - -- ,

\ - 1 P4 P4

L - L -

L -

L

--------------------------------

+ 1

- ---------

2 - 1

P4 p4 --------- , (47)

+ 1

\ L -

-

蠠 --- -6

q4 = Smax \ x 10 (5.83)p +

-

-------------------------------------------------

- 2 ( + 1)

- ----- - -----------

ࠠ P0ࠠ P0 ࠠ

+ 0.8S min 2 --------- P4 p4-- - -- ,

\ - 1 P4 P4

L - L -

L -

L

----------------------------------

+ 1

- ---------

2 - 1

P4 p4 --------- , (48)

+ 1

\ L -

-

蠠 --- -6 --- -6

q4 = F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p + Smax \ x 10 (5.83)p, (49)

堠 --- -6

q4 = Smax \ x 10 (5.83)p, (50)

Smax - 蠠 砠

堠 --- -6

Smax = min {S; p4 US / (\ 5.83 10 p)}, (51)

t - ࠠ 堠

,

- 栠

栠 Q

t4 = min ---- - t', t - t' , (52)

qᠠ

L -

(min {Q, t q} - Q4 - q4 t4)

t = ----------------------------------, (53)

--- -6

F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p

(q - q4' - q4)t4 + q t' - Q4

F = -----------------------------------, (54)

0.05p

-

- - -

㠠 栠 C(T4 - T + T4 - T)

Q + (Q - Q)1 - exp- --------------------------

2 H

㠠 L L L ---

t4 = min -----------------------------------------------------, , (55)

㠠 --- -6

q4 - F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p

栠 栠

t - t' - t4 + t - t' - t4

--------------------------------, t

2

L -

-

- - -

㠠 栠 C(T4 - T + T4 - T)

Q + (Q - Q)1 - exp- -------------------------

2 H

L L L ---

--------------------------------------------------

㠠 --- -6

蠠 q4 - F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p

t4 = min , (56)

㠠 --- -6

- (q4 - F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p)t

-----------------------------------------,

栠 㠠 栠 㠠

t - t' - t4 - t4 + t - t' - t4 - t4

---------------------------------------------

2

L -

栠 栠

蠠 min {q t, Q} - Q4 - q4t4 - q4t4 +

t4 = ----------------------------------------

2q4

栠 栠

+ min {q t, Q} - Q4 - q4t4 - q4t4

------------------------------------------ , (57)

t4 =

-

-

-

栠 栠 C(T4 - T + T4 - T)

(Q - Q)exp- -------------------------

2 H

L - 㠠 蠠 蠠

------------------------------------------ - t4 - t4 - t4 +

0.5 q4 ,

-

栠 栠 C(T4 - T + T4 - T)

= min (Q - Q)exp- ----------------------- (58)

2 H

L - 㠠 蠠

+------------------------------------------- - t4 - t4 - t4

q4

L -

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠 栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

t - t4 - t4 - t4 - t4 + t - t4 - t4 - t4 - t4

----------------------------------------------------

2

L -

-

Q4

ᠠ p --------- , T4 T T T

p4 = Q4 - q4t'

, (59)

0.0,

L

栠 q4

p4 = p ----------------------------------, (60)

--- -6

q4' + F \ x 10 (5.83 + 4.1U)p

- 1/

㠠 蠠 P0

p4 = p4 = p4--, (61)

P4

L -

P4

p4 = -- -----------

R T4 + 273.15

p4 = p4 = p, (62)

---------

3 Q4

R4 = --- ---- , (63)

3 4 p

\

---------

栠 1 q4

R4 = --- ---- , (64)

2

\ p4 U

---------

㠠 1 q4

R4 = --- ---- , (65)

2

\ p4 U

---------

蠠 1 q4

R4 = --- ---- , (66)

2

\ p4 U

蠠 ---

R4 = 0.5 \ F, (67)

堠 ---

R4 = 0.5 \ S. (68)

1.3. h ().

0, -

.

2.

2.1. , i,

pi p .

------------------

- ᠠ

4 3 pi

g - Ri ---- - 1

1.15 \ 3 p䠠

L -

R = ------------------------. (69)

U

3.

3.1. , ,

z0, 蠠

x.

3.1.1. z0 1

, .

3.1.2. 2

( ).

F 1 /.

3.1.3. x

:

C3 x

x = y = ------------, (70)

------------

\1 + 0.0001x

z = f(z0, x) g(x), (71)

B1

A1 x

g(x) = --------- , (72)

B2

1 + A2 x

- D1 D2

ln[C1 x (1 + C2 x )], z0 0.1

f(z0, x) = D1 D2 (73)

ln[C1 x / (1 + C2 x )], z0 = 0.1

L

A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2, C3, D1, D2

3 4.

z, (71),

z, 5,

, , (71),

5.

3.2. i

x.

3.2.1.

Qi

ci(x,y,z,t) = ------------------------------------------- x

-

8 3 3/2

- Ri + (2) x y z

3

L -

x G(x,y,z,t), (74)

-

- 2 2 - 2

(x - Ut) y (z - h)

G(x,y,z,t) = exp- --------- - -------- exp- ------- +

2 2 2

2 x 2 y 2 z

L - L -

L

- 2

(z + h)

+ exp- ------- , (75)

2

2 z

L -

-

y = 0, z = 0 , :

2Qi

cimax(x,0,0,t = x/U) = ----------------------------------------- x

- 8 3 3/2

- Ri + (2) x y z

3

L -

x G(x), (76)

- - 2

h

G(x) = exp- ------- . (77)

2

2 z

L L --

3.2.2. 蠠 蠠  ,

 蠠 蠠

ci(x,y,z,t) =

-

sign(ti)qi 1

---------------------------- G(x,y,z), x = --------- U ti

2 - ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

= L - , (78)

qi ti

------------------------------------------------ G(x,y,z,t),

- 2 栠 3/2

(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

L -

L

1

x ----------- U ti

- ----

C3 \2

L -

G(x,y,z) =

- - - -

2 2 2

y (z - h) (z + h)

= exp- ------ exp- -------- + exp- -------- , (79)

2 2 2

2 y 2 z 2 z

L - L L - L --

y = 0, z = 0

cimax(x,0,0) =

- 栠

sign(ti)2qi 1

---------------------------- G(x), x = ----------- U ti

2 - ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

L -

=

2qi ti

----------------------------------------------- G(x),

2 栠 3/2

(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

-

1

x ----------- U ti.

- ----

C3 \2

L L - (80)

3.2.3. 蠠 蠠  ,

ci(x,y,z,t) =

-

0.,t = ti

sign(ti)qi 1 㠠

--------------------------- G(x,y,z), x = ---------- U ti t ti

2 - ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

= L -

qi ti

--------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z,t - ti),

- 2 㠠 3/2

(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

L -

1

x ----------- U ti

- ----

C3 \2

L -

t ti, (81)

L

y = 0, z = 0

cimax(x,0,0) =

- 㠠

sign(ti)2qi 1

------------------------------- G(x), x = --------- U ti

2 - ---

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

L -

=

2qi ti 1

----------------------------------------------- G(x), x ---------- U ti

2 㠠 3/2 - ----

(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z C3 \2

L - L -

(82)

3.2.4. 蠠 蠠  ,

ci(x,y,z,t) =

-

0.,t = ti + ti

sign(ti)qi 1

------------------------------- G(x,y,z), x = --------- U ti

2 - ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

= L -

t ti + ti

qi ti 栠

----------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z,t - ti - ti),

- 2 蠠 3/2

(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

L -

1 蠠 栠

x ---------- U ti t ti + ti,

----

(C3 \2)

L (83)

y = 0, z = 0

ci max(x,0,0) =

-

sign(ti)2qi 1

------------------------------- G(x), x = --------- U ti

2 - ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

L -

=

2qi ti

------------------------------------------------ G(x),

- 2 蠠 3/2

2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

L -

1

x ---------- U ti

- ----

C3 \2

L - (84)

L

3.2.5. 蠠 蠠  ,

ci(x,y,z,t) =

-

栠 㠠

0.,t = ti + ti + ti

sign(ti)qi 1

-------------------------------- G(x,y,z), x = --------- U ti

蠠 - ----

(2qi/i + U 2 y z) C3 \2

L -

= 栠 㠠

t = ti + ti + ti

qi ti 栠 㠠

---------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z,t - ti - ti -ti ),

- 蠠 3/2

(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z

L -

1 蠠 栠 㠠

x ---------- U ti t = ti + ti + ti

----

(C3 \2)

L (85)

y = 0, z = 0

cimax(x,0,0) =

- 蠠

sign(ti)2qi 1

-------------------------------- G(x), x = ----------- U ti

蠠 - ----

(2qi/i + 2 y z U) C3 \2

L -

= 蠠

2qi ti 1

---------------------------------------------- G(x), x ---------- U ti.

蠠 3/2 - ----

(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z C3 \2

L - L -

(86)

3.2.6. 蠠 蠠  ,

:

ci(x,y,z,t) =

-

栠 㠠 蠠

0.,t ti + ti + ti + ti

sign(ti)qi

-------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

(2qi/i + U 2 y z)

=

1 堠 栠 㠠 蠠

x = ---------- U ti t = ti + ti + ti + ti

----

(C3 \2)

qi ti

----------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z,t - ti -

- 堠 3/2

(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z

L -

㠠 蠠

- ti - ti - ti),

1 堠 栠 㠠 蠠

x = ---------- U ti t = ti + ti + ti + ti

----

(C3 \2)

L (87)

y = 0, z = 0

cimax(x,0,0) =

- 堠

2sign(ti) qi 1

-------------------------------- G(x), x = ---------- U ti

堠 - ----

(2qi/i + 2 y z U) C3 \2

L -

=

2qi ti 1

--------------------------------------------- G(x), x ---------- U ti.

堠 3/2 - ----

(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z C3 \2

L - L -

(88)

3.3. 

x i

max 栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

i = max(cimax, cimax, cimax, cimax, cimax, cimax). (89)

3.4. .

3.4.1.

1/2

Qi(2) x

Di(x,y,z) = ----------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

-

8 3 3/2

U- Ri + (2) x y z

3

L - (90)

y = 0, z = 0, :

1/2

2Qi (2) x

Dimax(x,0,0) = ------------------------------------------ G(x).

-

8 3 3/2

U- Ri + (2) x y z

3

L - (91)

3.2.2. ࠠ 蠠 蠠  ,

Di(x,y,z) =

- 栠

qi min{ti, t} 1

------------------------------- G(x,y,z), x = --------- U ti

2 ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

= 栠 1/2

qi ti(2) x

------------------------------------------------ G(x,y,z),

2 栠 3/2

U(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z)

1

x -------- U ti

----

C3 \2

L (92)

y = 0, z = 0

Dimax(x,0,0) =

- 栠

2qi min{ti, t} 1

------------------------------- G(x), x = --------- U ti

2 ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

= 栠 1/2

2qi ti (2) x

------------------------------------------------ G(x),

2 栠 3/2

U(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z)

1

x -------- U ti

---

C3 \2

L (93)

3.2.3. ࠠ 蠠 蠠  ,

Di(x,y,z) =

-

- 栠

㠠 t - ti + t - ti

qi minti, ------------------------

2

L -

-------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

2

U(2 Ri + 2 y z)

=

1

x = --------- U ti,

----

C3 \2

㠠 1/2

qi ti(2) x

---------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

2 3/2

U(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

1

x -------- U ti

----

C3 \2

L (94)

y = 0, z = 0

Dimax(x,0,0) =

-

- 栠

㠠 t - ti + t - ti

2qi minti, -------------------------

2

L - 1

------------------------------------ G(x), x = -------- U ti

2 ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) C3 \2

=

㠠 1/2

2qi ti(2) x 1

---------------------------------------------- G(x), x -------- U ti

2 㠠 3/2 ----

U(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z C3 \2

L

(95)

3.2.4. ࠠ 蠠 蠠  ,

Di(x,y,z) =

-

- 㠠 栠

蠠 t - ti - ti + t - ti - ti

qi minti, ----------------------------------

2

L -

---------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

2

U(2 Ri + 2 y z)

=

1

x = ---------- U ti ,

----

(C3 \2)

蠠 1/2

qi ti (2) x

------------------------------------------------ G(x,y,z),

2 蠠 3/2

U(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z

1

x --------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

L (96)

y = 0, z = 0

Di max(x,0,0) =

-

- 栠 㠠 栠

蠠 t - ti - ti + t -ti - ti

2qi minti, ---------------------------------

2

L - 1

---------------------------------------------- G(x), x = --------- U ti

2 ----

U(2 Ri + 2 y z) (C3 \2)

=

蠠 1/2

2qi ti (2) x

------------------------------------------------ G(x),

2 蠠 3/2

U(2 Ri ti U + (2) x y z)

1

x --------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

L (97)

3.2.5. ࠠ 蠠 蠠  ,

Di(x,y,z) =

-

- 栠 㠠 蠠 栠 㠠

蠠 t - ti - ti - ti + t - ti - ti - ti

qi minti, --------------------------------------------

2

L -

---------------------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

(2qi/i + U 2 y z)

= 1

x = ---------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

蠠 1/2

qi ti(2) x

----------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

蠠 3/2

U(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z)

1

x ----------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

L (98)

y = 0, z = 0

Dimax(x,0,0) =

-

- 栠 㠠 蠠 栠 㠠

蠠 t - ti - ti - ti + t - ti - ti - ti

2qi minti, -----------------------------------------------

2

L -

---------------------------------------------------------- G(x)

(2qi/i + 2 y z U)

= 1

x = ---------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

蠠 1/2

2qi ti(2) x

--------------------------------------------- G(x),

蠠 3/2

U(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z)

1

x ---------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

L (99)

3.2.6. ࠠ 蠠 蠠  ,

Di(x,y,z) =

- -

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠 栠 蠠

堠 t - ti - ti - ti - ti + t - ti - ti - ti - ti

qi minti, -----------------------------------------------------

2

L -

----------------------------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z),

(2qi/pi + U 2 y z)

= 1

x = ---------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

堠 1/2

qi ti(2) x 1

-------------------------------------------- G(x,y,z), x ---------- U ti

堠 3/2 ----

U(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z (C3 \2)

L

(100)

Di max(x,0,0) =

- -

栠 㠠 蠠 蠠 栠 㠠 蠠

堠 t - ti - ti - ti - ti + t - ti - ti - ti - ti

2qi minti, -------------------------------------------------------

2

L -

-------------------------------------------------------------------- G(x),

(2qi/i + 2 y z U)

= 1

x = ---------- U ti

----

(C3 \2)

堠 1/2

2qi ti(2) x 1

-------------------------------------------- G(x), x ---------- U ti

堠 3/2 ----

U(2qi ti/pi + (2) x y z (C3 \2)

L

(101)

3.5. x

i :

max 栠 㠠 蠠 蠠

Di = Dimax + Dimax + Dimax + Dimax + Dimax + Dimax. (102)

3.6.

,

.

( ,

, )

A1 - ;

A2 - ;

B1 - ;

B2 - ;

C1 - ;

C2 - ;

C3 - ;

Cp - , //;

D1 - ;

D2 - ;

Di - ,

x /. ;

Dimax - = 0, z = 0

, x /. ;

D - , ;

max

Di - = 0, z = 0

(), x /. ;

Di - ,

i , x /. ;

Dimax - = 0, z = 0

 ,

i , x /. ;

e

Di - ,

,

i , x /. ;

e

Di max - = 0, z = 0

, 蠠 蠠 ,

i , x /. ;

Di - ,

i , x /. ;

Dimax - = 0, z = 0

,

i , x /. ;

Di - ,

蠠 蠠 , ࠠ

, 蠠

i , x /. ;

Dimax - = 0, z = 0

, ,

,

i , x /. ;

F - , . ;

F' - 蠠 ࠠ  ࠠ

4, . ;

F -

, . ;

G -

;

Gd - ;

G -

;

G - ࠠ 蠠 堠

;

H - , /;

H - 蠠 䠠

, , ;

K - , L

;

L - ࠠ ࠠ ࠠ ࠠ 

, ;

Pi - i , ;

P0 - ,

100000 ;

Q - ,

,

() , ;

Qi - , i ,

;

Q - (

Q ), ;

Q - , ;

Q3 - ࠠ ,

3 , ;

Q - ࠠ

, (

; ,

0), ;

Q3 - ,

3

, ;

Q3 - ,

3 , ;

R - , 8.31 //;

Ri -

i , ;

Ri - ,

i , ;

Ri - ,

i , ;

Ri - ,

i , ;

Ri - ,

i , ;

e

Ri - ,

i , ;

S - , . ;

S - 

, . ;

Smax - 蠠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ

, . ;

S - , . ;

Ti - i , . C;

T - , . C;

T - 0,

. C.

T - , . C;

U - 10 , /;

Vi - 젠 i ,

,  (),

, . ;

c - , //.;

g - ( 9.81), //;

h - , ;

p - ,

, . .;

p(T4) - T4,

;

q4' - ,

,

 ࠠ 砠

4 , /;

q4 - ࠠ ⠠

,

,

4 , /;

q -

4 , /;

qi - ,

i , /;

qi - ,

i

, /;

e

qi - ,

i , /;

qi - ,

蠠  ࠠ

i , /;

qi - ,

i , /;

t - , ;

t - ࠠ 堠

, ;

t -

, ;

t - 蠠 頠 ,

, , 蠠 堠 堠 ,

, ;

t - , ;

t' - 4 , ;

ti -  ࠠ

i , ;

ti -  ࠠ

i , ;

ti - i ,

;

ti -

i , ;

ti - i ,

;

x - ( ), ;

y - ( ), ;

z - (,

), ;

z0 - , ;

- ;

- ;

 - 򠠠 蠠

, //;

- , /;

- , 3.1459;

p(p(T4),T4) -

T4 p(T4), /. ;

pi - 頠 ⠠

i , /. ;

p - , /. ;

p -

P0, / ;

p - , /. ;

pi -

i , /. ;

pi -

,

i ,

/. ;

pi -

,

i ,

/. ;

e

pi -

, 蠠

i , /. ;

pi -

,

i , /. ;

pi -

, 蠠

i , /. ;

x - x, ;

y - y, ;

z - z, .

- , ,

, ,

; ;

sign - , 1, , -1,

, 0, 0;

.

1

Z0

,

--------------------------------------------------T--------------

蠠 z0 ()

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

, 젠 0.1

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

1 젠 0.1

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

15 젠 1

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

60 젠 5

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

, 젠 12

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

10 젠 40

+-------------------------------------------------+--------------+

ࠠ 100

L-------------------------------------------------+---------------

2

-----------T--------------------------T--------------------------

+--------------------------+---------------T----------+

10 , / 3/8 .

.

+---------T---------T------+---------------+----------+

- 5/8 .

+----------+---------+---------+------+---------------+----------+

U = 2 A B B F F

+----------+---------+---------+------+---------------+----------+

2 U = 3 B B C E F

+----------+---------+---------+------+---------------+----------+

3 U = 5 B C C D E

+----------+---------+---------+------+---------------+----------+

5 U = 6 C D D D D

+----------+---------+---------+------+---------------+----------+

U 6 D D D D D

L----------+---------+---------+------+---------------+-----------

3

A1, A2, B1, B2, C3

----------------T--------T----------T---------T---------T--------

񠠠 A1 A2 B1 B2 C3

+---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+--------+

A 0.112 0.000538 1.060 0.815 0.22

+---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+--------+

B 0.130 0.000652 0.950 0.750 0.16

+---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+--------+

C 0.112 0.000920 0.920 0.718 0.11

+---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+--------+

D 0.098 0.00135 0.889 0.688 0.08

+---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+--------+

E 0.0609 0.00196 0.895 0.684 0.06

+---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+--------+

F 0.0638 0.00136 0.783 0.672 0.04

L---------------+--------+----------+---------+---------+---------

4

C1, C2, D1, D2

--------------T----------T---------------T------------T----------

z0 () C1 C2 D1 D2

+-------------+----------+---------------+------------+----------+

1 1.56 0.000625 0.048 0.45

+-------------+----------+---------------+------------+----------+

4 2.02 0.000776 0.027 0.37

+-------------+----------+---------------+------------+----------+

10 2.73 0 0 0

+-------------+----------+---------------+------------+----------+

40 5.16 0.0538 -0.098 0.225

+-------------+----------+---------------+------------+----------+

100 7.37 0.000233 -0.096 0.6

L-------------+----------+---------------+------------+-----------

5

z

-------------------------------------T---------------------------

蠠 z, 젠

+------------------------------------+---------------------------+

A 1600

+------------------------------------+---------------------------+

B 920

+------------------------------------+---------------------------+

C 640

+------------------------------------+---------------------------+

D 400

+------------------------------------+---------------------------+

E 220

+------------------------------------+---------------------------+

F 100

L------------------------------------+----------------------------

6

---------------T------------------T--------------T---------------

 p, , c,

/. 젠 // //.

+--------------+------------------+--------------+---------------+

2220 1.42 770

+--------------+------------------+--------------+---------------+

ꠠ 1380 0.35 840

+--------------+------------------+--------------+---------------+

䠠 920 2.23 2080

L--------------+------------------+--------------+----------------

0.01703 /

681 /.

-33.41 C

1.32

4700 //.

1370000 /

150 x ./

15 x ./

2

1.

.

33,4 . C .

2. 堠 ꠠ

6221-82.

3. - .

....................................... NH3

..................................... 17,03

..................................... 22,07

0,1 , . C .......... 33,4

, . C .................... 77,7

, . C ...................... 132,4

, .............................. 11,15

................. (111,5 /. )

0 . C 0,0981 , /. .... 0,77

33,4 . C 67 . C.

ࠠ ࠠ

1, 2, 3, 4, 5 1.

4. .

4.1. , ,

; .

4.2. 0,2%

20 . C.

5. .

5.1. .

,

, 650 . C,

20790 / (4450 /),

680 .

蠠 15 - 28 .% ࠠ (堠

). Ѡ 젠

100 . C

14,5 - 29,5 .% .

5.2. 頠 ꠠ .

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200 730,0086 0,08431,37211,30 728,9 0,08851483 354,2

205 680,01246 0,12221,382 7,98 723,6 0,12521470 351,1

210 630,01769 0,17351,394 5,75 717,5 0,17391456 347,7

215 580,02465 0,24181,4054,216 711,7 0,23721443 344,6

220 530,03376 0,331 1,4173,142 705,7 0,31831429 341,3

225 480,0455 0,446 1,4292,378 699,8 0,42061415 337,9

230 430,0604 0,592 1,4411,824 693,9 0,54821401 334,6

235 380,0791 0,776 1,4541,418 687,7 0,70521386 331,0

240 330,1023 1,003 1,4671,115 681,7 0,89661371 327,4

245 280,1307 1,282 1,4800,887 675,7 1,127 1356 323,8

250 230,1651 1,61961,4940,713 669,3 1,403 1340 320,0

255 180,2064 2,024 1,5080,578 662,9 1,73 1324 316,2

260 130,2555 2,506 1,5230,473 656,5 2,114 1308 312,4

265 80,3134 3,074 1,5420,376 648,7 2,661 1291 308,3

270 30,3811 3,738 1,5540,324 643,4 3,084 1273 304,0

273,15 00,4294 4,212 1,5650,290 639,1 3,453 1262 301,5

275 20,4599 4,511 1,5710,271 636,6 3,685 1255 299,7

278 50,5129 5,03 1,5810,245 632,5 4,088 1244 297,1

283 100,6116 5,999 1,5990,207 625,5 4,836 1226 292,8

288 150,7243 7,105 1,6170,176 618,4 5,689 1206 288,3

293 200,8525 8,360 1,6360,150 611,2 6,658 1186 283,5

298 250,9973 9,783 1,6560,129 603,8 7,754 1166 278,7

303 301,160 11,38 1,6770,111 596,2 8,992 1145 273,6

308 351,343 13,17 1,6990,096 588,510,39 1123 268,3

313 401,546 15,17 1,7230,084 580,511,95 1100 262,8

318 451,772 17,38 1,7470,0729572,313,71 1077 257,2

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200 -73 4,42 1,05 2,01 0,479

210 -63 4,42 1,055 2,04 0,487

220 -53 4,44 1,059 2,07 0,494

230 -43 4,46 1,064 2,12 0,506

240 -33 4,48 1,069 2,19 0,523

250 -23 4,51 1,076 2,29 0,546

260 -13 4,54 1,083 2,39 0,570

270 -3 4,58 1,093 2,51 0,599

280 7 4,62 1,102 2,65 0,632

290 17 4,68 1,117 2,82 0,573

300 27 4,75 1,133 3,02 0,720

310 37 4,83 1,152 3,26 0,778

320 47 4,92 1,174 3,55 0,847

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239,55 -33,45 187 160,8 5605 4819

240 -33 188 161,6 5597 4812

250 -23 200 171,9 5433 4671

260 -13 214 184,0 5267 4528

270 -3 230 197,7 5100 4385

273,15 0 235 202,0 5050 4342

280 7 247 212,4 4937 4245

290 17 264 226,3 4770 4101

300 27 284 244,2 4603 3957

310 37 308 264,8 4424 3804

320 47 336 288,9 4237 3643

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239,55-33,45 815 83 25500 2590

240 -33 816 83,2 25300 2570

250 -23 846 86,2 22250 2270

260 -13 875 89,2 19900 2028

270 -3 902 91,9 17950 1830

273,15 0 911 92,7 17450 1778

280 7 931 94,9 16320 1663

290 17 960 97,8 14900 1519

300 27 989 100,8 13610 1387

310 37 1023 104,0 12440 1268

320 47 1060 108 11360 1158

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1 808,67 193,0

5 766,77 183,0

10 715,65 170,8

15 662,0 158,0

20 603,36 144,0

25 540,5 129,0

30 473,47 113,0

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